In fitness, one size certainly does not fit all. That’s why understanding exercise progression and scaling is critical on your journey to a healthier and stronger you. Let’s delve into what these terms mean and how you can leverage them to attain your fitness goals.
What Are Exercise Progression and Scaling?
Exercise progression refers to the method of gradually increasing the intensity of your workouts to challenge your body and promote growth. Scaling, on the other hand, involves adjusting a workout to suit your individual level of fitness and ability.
Why Exercise Progression and Scaling Matter
- Prevents Plateaus: One of the most frustrating things about any fitness journey can be hitting a plateau, where you stop seeing progress despite consistent effort. This often happens when your body adapts to the demands you’re placing on it. However, by progressively increasing the challenge in your workout – adding more weight, increasing reps, or decreasing rest time – you keep your body from becoming too accustomed to the same routine. This method, known as progressive overload, forces your body to continually adapt, grow stronger, and become more efficient. The result is steady, ongoing improvement in your fitness level, and the avoidance of frustrating plateaus.
- Promotes Safe Training: While it’s important to continually challenge your body, it’s equally important to ensure that the challenge is appropriate for your current fitness level. This is where the concept of scaling comes into play. Scaling involves adjusting the intensity, volume, or complexity of a workout to match your individual capabilities. For example, if you’re new to weightlifting, you might start by lifting lighter weights or performing fewer repetitions. As your strength and stamina improve, you gradually increase the weight or reps. Scaling ensures you’re working at a level that challenges you without pushing beyond your limits, which minimizes the risk of injuries and promotes safe, sustainable progress.
- Personalizes Your Training: Both progression and scaling are tools that allow you to tailor your workouts to your personal needs, fitness level, and goals. Whether you’re training to run a marathon, aiming to lose weight, or working to improve your overall strength, progression and scaling enable you to adjust your training program to help you achieve those unique goals. They allow for individual differences in abilities and objectives, ensuring that you get the most out of every workout.
Implementing Exercise Progression and Scaling
- Adjust the Weight: One of the most straightforward ways to scale a workout is to adjust the weight you’re using. If a workout calls for lifting a certain amount of weight that feels too challenging, reduce the weight to a manageable level that still provides some resistance.
- Modify the Repetitions: If a workout calls for a high number of repetitions that you’re currently unable to perform, simply reduce the number. Start with a number of reps that challenges you but is still within your capacity, and gradually increase the count over time as your strength and endurance improve.
- Alter the Intensity: This could mean slowing down the pace at which you perform exercises or reducing the overall volume of your workout. Remember, it’s not always about speed or doing more; focusing on the quality of each rep is key to safe and effective training.
- Change the Exercise: If a particular exercise is too challenging or causes discomfort, substitute it with a similar but easier exercise. For example, if full push-ups are too challenging, you could do knee push-ups or incline push-ups instead.
- Use Assisted Equipment: If certain bodyweight movements are currently too difficult, use equipment like resistance bands or assisted pull-up machines. These tools can help you perform the movements correctly while still building strength and technique.
- Incorporate Rest Periods: If a workout is too intense to do all at once, try breaking it up with short rest periods. This can allow you to complete the workout at a pace that’s comfortable for you.
Remember, the goal of scaling is to make a workout appropriately challenging for you. It’s not about making it easy, but about ensuring it’s doable and safe while still pushing you to improve. A well-scaled workout should leave you feeling challenged but successful, and without undue pain or exhaustion. If you’re unsure how to scale a workout properly, don’t hesitate to ask one of our coaches for help.